We conclude the series by looking at two things: first, this is a coherent, unified system of theology and second, it is not historic Reformed covenantal theology.
While a person may apostatize from the visible church, no soul is ever lost out of the invisible church.
Justification, today and on the last day, is based on the work of Christ alone and not upon any obedience wrought in you.
Today we will see that justification is rightly understood (theologically) as a judicial act whereby God pronounces the individual believer right on the basis of the active and passive obedience of Christ through faith alone.
We will see that classically and biblically, faith is identified as receiving and resting upon the work of Christ and excludes any notion works or obedience.
The Federal Vision has failed to understand the true nature of God's righteousness and justice as well as the representative character of federalism (or covenantalism).
The confusion of the visible and invisible church and baptismal efficacy lead to a misunderstanding and wrong administration of the Lord’s Supper.
The failure of the Federal Vision to rightly understand the visible/invisible church distinction, leads to a failure in understanding the true nature of the sacraments.
The Federal Vision further confuses the visible-invisible church distinction by confusing language of covenant and election.
The Church is rightly understood under two categories – the visible and the invisible, and that while there is a connection between the two, they are not to be confused.
The Federal Vision sees the Mosaic Covenant (or the Law) as an expression of the Gospel and a standard of righteousness that we are able to keep and be saved through.
The Mosaic Covenant serves the Covenant of Grace by operating on a works principle and, thereby, teaching us of our need for Christ.
Our goal today is to simply identify the context and tensions that exist in discussing the nature of the Mosaic Covenant. Next week we hope to more positively address, just exactly what the Mosaic Covenant is.
The Covenant of Grace is ultimately made with the elect in Jesus Christ and offers them the rewards of Jesus obedience as the second Adam.
The covenant made with Adam is a Covenant of Works in which eternal-heavenly life is promised to Adam for perfect and personal obedience and eternal death is threatened for disobedience.
The original order of creation was established as a Covenant of Works.
What are the terms of the Covenant of Redemption and what is the position of the Federal Vision concerning this historic articulation?
Understanding what is meant by the pactum salutis or the Covenant of Redemption between the members of the Trinity as the first and archetypal covenant.
Looking at the historic context of covenant theology and the Federal Vision’s definition(s) of covenant and how it leads to the denial of the historic understanding of multiple covenants.
Assessing the claims of the Federal Vision.